How to Build a Mining Equipment? Step by Step Guide

How to Build a Mining Rig? Step by Step Guide

by Amir Gvili

Photo by Rebcenter Moscow

Mining is one of the ways through which you can get yourself some of the valuable cryptocurrencies out there.

With the right equipment, this venture can actually be profitable.

Let’s look at a step by step guide on how you can build a mining equipment to help you commence mining coins.

What is a mining equipment?

Mining equipments are simply powerful rekentuig systems set up to carry out mining of a cryptocurrency.

A equipment could be a specialized and dedicated system that is used for mining or otherwise be meant for other operations like gaming and be utilized for mining when needed.

How does a mining equipment work?

A mining equipment works by using the mining software on a miner to hook the mining hardware to a given mining pool.

The mining equipment points the rig’s hash rate at the pool before participating ter the process of securing and completing transactions on the network.

You get rewarded when your equipment helps the pool add a block to the blockchain.

What are the different types of mining equipments?

#1 CPU mining

This is the process of mining crypto using a CPU processor to perform the computational algorithms to solve blocks. However, it is no longer widely used.

What are the pros and cons of CPU mining?

  • The CPU mining equipment is inexpensive since it can be done with an ordinary PC.
  • You can mine other newer altcoins with CPU lightly.
  • It is the slowest form of mining, almost obsolete.
  • Low hash rate.
  • It’s not profitable because it’s slow.

#Two GPU mining

GPU mining equipment involves the use of graphics card to finish the mining process ter a network. It is used more widely for bitcoin mining than with CPU.

What are the pros and cons of GPU mining?

  • Higher hashing power compared to CPU.
  • Useful ter mining a broad multiplicity of cryptocurrencies that have different hashing algorithms.
  • Profitable when done decently.
  • Fairly expensive.

What to consider when building a mining equipment?

Consider the following when building your own mining equipment.

#1 Hash rate

Hash rate refers to the total number of calculations that the mining hardware can treat every 2nd when the mining process is on.

Wij measure hash rates ter terms of their megahashes (MH/s), gigahashes (GH/s), and terahashes (TH/s) vanaf 2nd.

Ter mining, the higher your hash rate, the more it is likely that you may end up successful te getting a transaction secured and verified.

This means a higher chance of getting an ROI.

#Two Energy consumption

Cryptocurrency mining consumes massive amounts of power and therefore, the cost of electro-therapy is always higher. Beware of how much that given to set up will consume vs. the expected ROI.

To be on the safe side, look at the hardware’s power consumption ter watts before making a purchase.

To find out your hardware’s energy consumption, take the hash rate figure and divide it by the wattage of that hardware.

#Three Hardware prices

It is good to consider the prices of the hardware equipment you are going to use.

The cost to waterput up the equipment should be proportional to the expected profits. Check the market for cost-effective contraptions that give you spectacle and yet are not too expensive.

You can use Amazon or BestBuy spil a reference.

#Four Maintenance

Maintenance is a key component if you want to get the best out of your DIY assembled mining equipment.

Spil you set up the equipment, consider the maintenance costs, the frequency of doing so and how that can be effectively done to ensure you have an output omschrijving to the costs.

Things like the cooling system need frequent checks, so consider getting one that won’t bog you down with onveranderlijk failure.

How to build a mining equipment?

How to build a mining equipment may show up a daunting task at very first but once you get everything you need, you will find it much lighter than you primarily thought.

And therefore, the very very first thing is to assemble everything you will need so spil to save yourself the hassle of running up and down attempting to locate this or that.

It is also significant to be accessible to:

  • Reliable tens unit supply.
  • Ethernet (wireless can do, but Ethernet is the best).

Here is what you need to commence with:


A motherboard is simply that big plane component of your laptop that everything else butt-plugs into. Whatever device you choose voorwaarde be compatible with the MOBO.

The motherboard will determine the zuigeling of CPU to use, the number of GPUs you can add, and memory limit.

To check if the CPU and your MOBO are compatible, use the Part Picker contraption for PCs. A good MOBO for mining equipments should have the capacity for at least 6 GPUs.

One of the best MOBOs out there is the MSI Z170A Gaming Voor Doorslag.


Another very significant factor to consider is where you want to waterput up your equipment. This is significant because wij want to have our equipment te a well-ventilated place that would aid te cooling the equipment. It is significant to keep your GPU equipments ter a cool area because they tend to overheat.

The GPU should have an optimal temperature to operate te.

Cooler equipments will have a better output which is our aim. So you should use AC, air duct boosters or oscillating ventilatoren to keep the slagroom cool.

Graphics card

You will, of course, need a graphics card (or many of them) which is the main component that will be solving difficult mining problems.

Wij recommend Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 because of its show or AMD RX 480 for its low price and the fastest ROI.

Power supply

How much power do I need for my equipment? That solely depends on the hardware used.

Since your graphics card will draw the most power, please refer to its manual to see the max power consumption. If you have more cards te the equipment the desired power could be calculated spil goes after:

Ter the case of 6x Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 the equation would look like this:

Thus 1500-1600W power supply would give you slew of slagroom for your equipment without taking a chance any overcharge.

Ter that case, wij recommend you have a look at Thermaltake Toughpower 1500W 80+ Gold power supply.

Are you ready to mine? Let’s build our mining equipment.

#1 Setting up your equipment framework

Get something that can hold your rig’s hardware together. If you are building a smaller equipment, an old pc case will do.

However, you can also opt for commonly used items te the huis like milk crates, wire racks or wooden frames.

Alternatively, you can go for one that is ready-made, tho’ you’d need to be sure it will gezond the equipment you intend to build.

#Two Set up your motherboard

Place the motherboard on a vapid non-static surface and cautiously insert the CPU component into the socket.

Use thermal paste to have your custom-made cooler fastened to the CPU. Learn how to correctly apply thermal paste to CPU or GPU if you’ve never done it before.

Make sure not to tamper with the CPU fan. Connect this CPU fan to a 3-4 jack and then to the RAM.

Place the motherboard onto the equipment framework and secure it into place using screws. Be attentive not to have the motherboard touching any metallic surface (metal surfaces are conductive).

Connect your SSD to the motherboard and secure it into place too.

#Three Install the PSU

Connect the motherboard to the power supply unit using the 24-pin connector near the CPU. Use the 8-pin connector to connect the CPU to the PSU.

Then connect the SATA to the SSD. At this point, ensure the SSD has a power supply connection and that it has a SATA decently connected to the motherboard.

You should zip-tie any reserve cables that may get te your way. It is sometimes challenging to have the wires te place neatly, so be patient and use zip ties to hold the wires te position.

With the PSU ter place, install the Molex and the 6 speld or if otherwise, the 6 +Two cables into the power supply unit.

The next thing is to power the GPU risers. This is done from the SATA cables. Just take the SATA power cables and line them next to each GPU position along the equipment.

#Four Adding GPU risers

It is much lighter to just have the USB and Molex cables installed into the RISER socket before affixing the GPU.

Secure your GPU to the equipment framework before you proceed to connect the USB into the motherboard slot. Do this one riser at a time till all are done.

After you are done with the risers, connect all your PCIe cables to the GPUs. Every Molex cable comes with at least Trio connecting cables, so you should be able to use Two of the Three connectors on Two different GPU cards.

For example, I am imagining you have chosen to go with Five cards. Te this case, fasten one card to the motherboard and the other Four to the Risers.

Therefore, if you have Two Molex cables, you should be able to connect all the other four cards.

#Five Booting up

Very first, you voorwaarde have an OS system of your choice on a USB drive.

When booting up for the very first time, have your pc monitor connected to the motherboard. The connection should be either to the motherboard’s Graphics output or essentially to GPU.

Next, cork the PSU into the wall socket before you connect the Ethernet cable. You should then boot up the laptop and go to BIOS. Getting into BIOS is usually automatic, but if it doesn’t seem to be getting you there, press the DEL button whiles the PC boots.

Go to Settings ->, Power management and set your equipment to automatically reboot te case of power outage.

Next, check the PCIE subsystem and set it to either gen 1 or gen Two. If the default is set to automaat, that’s fine. Proceed to shut down your PC.

#6 Reboot the system using the USB stick you installed.

Very first, flow the OS and go to windows. Once on windows, proceed to the webstek of the motherboard you used.

Use a 2nd laptop to download all the relevant drivers that are available.

Install the drivers and run windows update to have the pc system up to date.

#7 Optimize windows.

Disable superfetch. With the SSD te place, the will be the set up: Run ->, Services ->, superfetch (disable) .

You should then disable all updates and make sure you cancel any scheduled tasks.

Download the latest version of movie card drivers and then do an installation.

Once done with the installation, reboot your pc.

On booting up, go to Device Manager to check and verify that the system has detected all the GPUs.

#8 GPU BIOS set up.

Before you proceed, it is also prudent to make a backup of all the files. For the RX series, I recommend you go for Polaris Bios Editor.

Next, wij want to set up our GPU by doing a BIOS flash. To do this, flash the BIOS of each and every GPU with AtiFlash.

Once the process is done, reboot your rekentuig.

#9 Download Mining Software.

On reboot, check once more if the system still detects all the cards.

Login and download your preferred mining software and install. Just to name a few: BFGminer, CGminer, NiceHash

The next thing is to choose a pool and set up your pool’s credentials.

Choosing a pool is essential if you are to realize a good ROI because if you choose to solo mine, the comebacks will be too little and far speciaal.

You should now go ahead and set up the .BAT opstopping to automatically embark the mining software of your choice on system startup.

Go to Windows ->, Embark ->, Programs ->, Startup and have a .BAT opstopping shortcut created. The verkeersopstopping should either come with the mining software or you have to create it by hand.

#Ten Download and install overclocking software.

Download the MSI Afterburner, SAPPHIRE TriXX or any other overclocking application.

Use that to make adjustments to the GPUs core, voltage and memory. Aim at having low voltage use but high memory clocks for crypto like ETH.

It is possible to lower the core clock when using one of the RX cards.

When mining other cryptocurrencies, it is advisable to set the equipment at low voltage use but high core clocks.

For optimum output, tweak around with the settings until you get what’s best for you.

The value of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum has added to the attraction people have for them.

Mining is one of the most profitable ways of getting the coins. But it needs dedication and readiness to invest. Spil such, you need to do is have a good equipment to help you get embarked.

The views voiced here are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of Freedom Knot.

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Related movie: How to check if your GPU is able to mine Ethereum and DAG Verkeersopstopping Size increases

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