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Raspberry Pi – Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija

Raspberry Pi - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija

Raspberry Pi (RPi) jou mikroracunalnik v velikosti kreditne kartice, ki so ga razvili v Zdruzenem Kraljestvu, za Raspberry Pi Fundacijo, ki spodbuja poucevanja osnov racunalnistva v solah ter v drzavah v razvoju. [1] [Two] [Trio] Izvirni monster jou postal precej bolj priljubljen, krot so pricakovali [Four] , prodajali so ga tudi za namene, ki jih niso pricakovali. Obstajajo tudi kompleti, ki vkljucujejo dodatke, krot so miska, tipkovnica ter kabli. [Four]

Glede na Raspberry Pi Fundacijo so prodali vec krotwoning Ten milijonov Raspberry Pi do aprila 2016, zaradi cesar jou najbolje prodajani Britanski racunalnik. [Five]

Vsebina

Obstaja vec generacij racunalnika Raspbery Pi. Prva generacija (Raspberry Pi 1 prototype B) jouw izsla v februarju 2012. Sledil jij enostavnejsi te cenovno ugoden prototype m odel A . V letu 2014, jij fundacija izdala racunalnik z izboljsano zasnovo v Raspberry Pi 1 specimen B+. Raspberry Pi racunalniski modul jij izsel v aprilu 2014. Raspberry Pi Zero z manjso velikost ter z manj vhodno/izhodnih (GPIO) prikljuckov, ki jou bil izdan v novembru leta 2015 za $Five. Pri R aspberry Pi Two so dodali vec RAM-a jouw te bil izdan februarja 2015. Raspberry Pi Trio Monster B, ki so ga izdali v februarju leta 2016 ima vgrajen WiFi te Bluetooth. Najnovejsi racunalnik jou Raspberry Pi Zero W z vgrajenim WiFi te Bluetooth. Izsel jij 28. februarja 2018 ter stane $Ten.

Omrezja Uredi

Monster A, A+ te Pi Zero nimajo Ethernet prikljucka te so z omrezjem povezani z uporabo zunanjega prikljucka USB. Modela B and B+ imata Ethernet vmesnik na cipu LAN9514. [6] Raspberry Pi Trio te Raspberry Pi Zero W sta opremljena z Two,Four GHz WiFi 802.11n (150 Mbit/s) ter Bluetooth Four.1 (24 Mbit/s) poleg Ten/100 Ethernet vmesnika.

Specifikacije Uredi

OpenGL ES Two.0 (BCM2835, BCM2836: 24 GFLOPS / BCM2837: 28.8 GFLOPS)

MPEG-2 and VC-1 (with license), [21] 1080p30 H.264/MPEG-4 AVC high-profile decoder and encoder [Legal] (BCM2837: 1080p60)

An extra Four GPIO are available on the P5 padachtige if the user is willing to make solder connections

General purpose input-output (GPIO) prikljucek Uredi

Raspberry Pi 1 A+ B+, Raspberry Pi Two B, Raspberry Pi Three B te Raspberry Pi Zero (te Zero W) imajo 40 GPIO prikljuckov. [48] [49] Modela A te B imata samo 26 prikljuckov. [50] [51] [52]

Specimen B rev. Two ima 8 dodatnih prikljuckov, ki ponujajo dostop do dodatnih Four. GPIO povezav. [53]

Operacijski sistemi Uredi

Na Raspberry Pi se uporablja predvsem Raspbian, razlicica sistema Debian osnovi Linux operacijskega sistema. Drugi operacijski sistemi, ki so na voljo prek uradne spletne strani so Ubuntu MATE, Snappy Ubuntu Core, Windows Ten IoT Core, RISC OS ter specializiranih distribucij Kodi media centra. [54]

Na racunalniku Raspberry Pi lahko zazenete tudi mnoge druge operacijske sisteme.

Drugi operacijski sistemi (ne temeljijo na Linux)

  • RISC OS Pi
  • FreeBSD[55]
  • NetBSD[56][57]
  • Project 9 iz Bell Labs [58][59] te Inferno [60] (beta)
  • Windows Ten IoT Core – brezplacna izdaja Windows Ten za IoT (internet stvari), ki jih ponuja Microsoft, ki tece le na Raspberry Pi Two te Trio. [61]
  • xv6 [62]
  • Haiku – jouw odprtokoden BeOS klon za Raspberry Pi. [63] Podprta sta le Raspberry Pi Two te Three. [navedi vir]
  • HelenOS – prenosni multiserver operacijski sistem. Ima osnovno Raspberry Pi podporo od razlicice 0.6.0 [64]
  • Genode OS Okvir – podpira Raspberry Pi platformo z razlicico 13.05 [65]

Drugi operacijski sistemi (temeljijo na Linux)

  • Xbian [66] – uporablja Kodi (vcasih XBMC) odprtokoden digitalni media center
  • openSUSE[67]
  • Raspberry Pi Fedora Remix [68]
  • Pidora, [Sixty-nine] druga Fedora predelava optimizirana za Raspberry Pi
  • Gentoo Linux[70]
  • Diet Pi, vkljucuje razlicne vrste streznikov [71]
  • CentOS za Raspberry Pi Two ali vec
  • RedSleeve za Raspberry Pi 1
  • Slackware ARM – version 13.37 and straks runs on the Raspberry Pi without modification. [72][73][74][75] The 128–496 MB of available memory on the Raspberry Pi is at least twice the ondergrens requirement of 64 MB needed to run Slackware Linux on an ARM or i386 system. [76] (Whereas the majority of Linux systems boot into a graphical user interface, Slackware’s default user environment is the textual shell / directive line interface. [77] ) The Fluxbox window manager running under the X Window System requires an extra 48 MB of RAM. [78]
  • Moebius [79] – is a light ARM HF distribution based on Debian. It uses Raspbian repository, but it fits ter a 128 MB SD card. [80] It has only minimal services and its memory use is optimized to be petite.
  • OpenWrt – is primarily used on embedded devices to route network traffic.
  • Kalium Linux – is a Debian-derived distro designed for digital forensics and invasion testing.
  • Pardus ARM [81] – is a Debian-based operating system which is the light version of the Pardus (operating system).
  • Instant WebKiosk – is an operating system for digital signage purposes (web and media views).
  • Ark OS – is designed for webstek and email self-hosting.
  • ROKOS [82] – is a Raspbian-based operating system with integrated clients for the Bitcoin and OKCash cryptocurrencies.
  • MinePeon – is a dedicated operating system for mining cryptocurrency.
  • Kano OS [83]
  • Nard SDK [84] – is a software development kolenkit (SDK) for industrial embedded systems.
  • Sailfish OS with Raspberry Pi Two (due to use ARM Cortex-A7 CPU, Raspberry Pi 1 uses different ARMv6 architecture and Sailfish requires ARMv7.) [85]
  • Little Core Linux – a minimal Linux operating system focused on providing a base system using BusyBox and FLTK. Designed to run primarily te RAM.
  • IPFire – is a dedicated firewall/router distribution for the protection of a SOHO LAN, runs only on a Raspberry Pi 1, porting to the Raspberry Pi Two is not planned for now. [86]
  • Alpine Linux – is a Linux distribution based on musl and BusyBox, primarily designed for “power users who appreciate security, simpleness and resource efficiency”.
  • Void Linux – a rolling release Linux distribution which wasgoed designed and implemented from scrape, provides pics based on musl or glibc.
  • Tingbot OS [87] – temelji na Raspbian, oblikovan krotwoning Tingbot dodatek ter za zaganjanje Tide aplikacij. [88]
  • WTware for Raspberry Pi [89] za Raspberry Pi Two te Three.
  • Fedora 25 – podpira Raspberry Pi Two te vec
  • Media center operacijski sistemi: OpenELEC, LibreELEC, Xbian, Rasplex
  • Audio operacijski sistemi : Volumio, Pimusicbox, Runeaudio, moOdeaudio
  • Retrogaming operacijski sistemi: Retropie, Recalbox, Happi Spel Center, Lakka, ChameleonPi, Piplay

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